Zola Horovitz, Ph.D., Chairman of the Board, has served as a director of Avigen since November 1994. Dr. Horovitz has been an independent consultant to pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies since May 1994. From 1991 to May 1994, Dr. Horovitz served as Vice President, Business Development and Planning and from 1990 to 1991 as Vice President, Licensing at Bristol-Myers Squibb Company, a pharmaceutical and healthcare products company. Prior to this, Dr. Horovitz served from 1959 through 1989 in various positions at the Squibb Institute for Medical Research, including Vice President, Research, Planning & Scientific Liaison, Vice President, Drug Development, and Vice President, Biological and Pharmaceutical R&D. Dr. Horovitz currently serves on the board of directors of BioCryst Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Genvec, Inc., Genaera Corporation, Palatin Technologies, Inc., DOV Pharmaceutical Inc., NitroMed, Inc., and Immunicon Corporation, all of which are biotechnology companies. From 1975 through 1993 Dr. Horovitz served on the Scientific Advisory Council at Princeton University and from 1976 through 1989 he served on the Advisory Board of Rutgers University College of Pharmacy. Dr. Horovitz received a Ph.D. and an M.S. in Pharmacology and a B.S. in Pharmacy from the University of Pittsburgh.